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Coronavirus

Swansea academics join global research into how the vulnerable have been hit by official responses to COVID-19

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Academics from Swansea University are part of an international study exploring the impact of Covid-19 governmental responses on vulnerable groups.

COVINFORM is one of 23 new research projects funded by the European Commission with a total of €128 million to address the continuing coronavirus pandemic and its effects.

Professor Sergei Shubin, director of the University’s Centre of Migration Policy Research, and his colleagues Louise Condon, professor of nursing, and Dr Diana Beljaars, from the College of Science, are part of COVINFORM, a three-year EU project with 16 partner organisations from 11 countries.

Since it first emerged in December 2019, Covid-19 has had an unprecedented global social, behavioural and economic impact. Its consequences go far beyond physical health and have influenced everyday life and wellbeing, mental health, education, employment, and political stability.

COVINFORM was set up to analyse the way leaders and communities across the world have responded to Covid, with a particular focus on how the most vulnerable in society have been affected.

Among those disproportionally hit are health workers, risk groups, older people, children and migrants.

Professor Shubin said: “Our objective is to understand the effect of public health and governmental responses on Covid-19 on vulnerable and marginalised populations, and explore different dimensions of vulnerability emerging during the pandemic.

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“Policymakers and public health experts unanimously recognise the disproportionate impact it has had on these groups. Even in countries with well-developed responses, the outbreak and its repercussions imperil the well-being of social groups whose livelihoods are already precarious.”

The researchers say the need for effective communication during the pandemic has been heightened by the vast amount of false information and conspiracy theories circulating online.

Professor Condon added: “False information can circulate quickly within communities and via social media- leading to a lack of trust in ‘official’ government messages and advice from health professionals.“

Swansea University is the sole Wales representative in the collaboration which sees experts from a variety of organisations sharing their knowledge to provide a multi-disciplinary approach to the issue.

Other partners include universities, practitioners and research organisations as well as representatives from industry. They come from Austria, Belgium, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Portugal, Romania, Spain and Sweden.

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The project draws upon intersectionality theory and complex systems analysis of responses at government, public health and community level as well as information and communications. Promising practices will be evaluated through case studies spanning diverse disciplines and vulnerable populations.

COVINFORM’S aims include:

  • improving the resilience, wellbeing and mental health of the population, frontline workers and vulnerable groups and mitigate health inequalities during and after pandemics;
  • contributing to a better understanding of the impact, effectiveness, the public health preparedness and responses that have been taken;
  • preparing holistic assessments of the social, economic and political impacts of the outbreak and its responses;
    increasing holistic public health preparedness and response in the context of ongoing and future epidemics; and,
  • equipping health authorities with guidance for further public health interventions.

The project will also provide guidance and recommendations for more inclusive policies that consider the needs of different groups as well as giving a voice to members of vulnerable groups.

The partners will also create a Covid-19 Knowledge Repository, bringing together civil protection and disaster management experts and organisations, integrating Covid expertise and resources.


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Coronavirus

Face coverings retained in health and social care settings

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First Minister Mark Drakeford has confirmed the legal requirement to wear a face covering in health and care settings will remain in place.

Speaking after the latest three-week review of the coronavirus regulations, the First Minister said the public health situation was improving following the recent spike in cases caused by the BA.2 sub-type of omicron.

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But Covid case rates remain high so maintaining the use of face coverings in health and care settings will help to protect to some of the most vulnerable people in society, staff and visitors.

The First Minister also urged everyone to continue to take measures to reduce the spread of coronavirus by following a set of simple steps to protect one another and keep Wales safe.

These include self-isolating if ill or testing positive for Covid-19; wearing a face covering in crowded indoor places, meeting outdoors wherever possible; keeping indoor areas well ventilated and washing hands regularly.

First Minister Mark Drakeford said: “The pandemic isn’t over but we are seeing encouraging signs the recent high levels of infections across Wales are falling.

“There are steps we can all take to protect ourselves while coronavirus is still circulating and reduce the spread of the virus even further. This is particularly true in places where some of the most vulnerable people in society are being treated and live, which is why we will retain the legal requirement to wear face coverings in health and social care settings.

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“More generally, ensuring you are up-to-date with your Covid vaccinations and spring booster – if you are eligible – is really important. If you have Covid symptoms or test positive, please stay at home and help break the chain of transmission.

“Together, we can carry on keeping each other safe and keeping Wales safe.”

The next three-weekly review of coronavirus regulations will be carried out by 26 May.

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Coronavirus

Schools’ Covid guidance aligned to businesses and other workplaces

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The Minister for Education and Welsh Language, Jeremy Miles, has announced that Covid-19 measures for schools in Wales will be brought into line with guidance for businesses and other organisations.

The Welsh Government has written to schools in Wales this morning to inform them of the changes.

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Since September last year, schools have applied measures to stop the spread of Coronavirus according to local circumstances, based on the Local Covid-19 infection control decision framework for schools. Schools will no longer be advised to use the framework.

The change is in line with the Welsh Government’s long-term Covid-19 transition from pandemic to endemic. The risk from coronavirus is now considered in the same context as other communicable diseases, such as flu.

The First Minister has announced that the remaining coronavirus restrictions will be removed from 9 May, if the public health situation remained stable. The changes to the guidance for schools will also come into effect from 9 May.

Schools and other education settings will continue to be advised to work with local authorities and public health advisors to ensure that measures remain appropriate and proportionate and reflect local risks and circumstances.

A checklist will be provided to support schools and settings in considering which control measures remain proportionate. Special schools will continue to follow the advice for children and young people with higher clinical risk and clinically extremely vulnerable adults.

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Speaking at the Welsh Government’s weekly press briefing, Jeremy Miles said: “In line with the wider public health guidance published at the last three-week review, we have today written to headteachers to signpost the impending changes to our advice for schools, which reflect the move from pandemic to endemic. This will ensure school guidance is more closely aligned with the rest of society.

“We all know that Covid-19 has not gone way. It remains vitally important we reduce the spread of the virus where we can – this includes, for example, following self-isolation guidance, and for education settings to continue to undertake robust risk assessments.”

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Coronavirus

Health board extends shuttle bus between Llanelli and COVID vaccination centre

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Hywel Dda University Health Board (HDUHB) has extended the free shuttle bus service between Llanelli town centre and the mass vaccination centre in Dafen to help people access their COVID-19 vaccination as easily as possible.

The shuttle bus, provided by Dolen Teifi, will continue to run between 10.30am to 4.40pm, seven days a week – with no service at 12.00pm from town or at 12.15pm from the mass vaccination centre to allow the drivers a lunch break.

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People can board the shuttle bus on the hour and at half-past the hour at Church Street, outside Llanelli Magistrates Court.

The shuttle bus will leave the mass vaccination centre quarter past and quarter to the hour, returning to the town centre and dropping passengers off opposite Llanelli library.

Bethan Lewis, Interim Assistant Director of Public Health for Hywel Dda UHB, said: “We need as many people as possible attending their COVID-19 vaccine appointments, or dropping in if eligible.

“This shuttle bus service is one of many additional resources and services being put in place across the Hywel Dda region to help support more people to receive their COVID-19 vaccination. I am pleased the shuttle bus service has been extended to help people reliant on public transport to access their COVID-19 vaccine.”

On 21 February 2022, the JCVI published a statement, recommending an additional spring booster.

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Strict COVID-19 safety measures are in place to ensure the safety of drivers and passengers on this service, including wearing face coverings unless medically exempt.

A maximum of 14 passengers are allowed per journey with a screen in place between driver and passengers.

The health board say that passengers should only use this service if they are fit and well on the day.

They add that before travelling without an appointment to Dafen mass vaccination centre, people should check the health board’s website for up-to-date information such as vaccine eligibility and drop-in opening times.

(Lead image: Hywel Dda NHS)

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